This article analyses the risk of disability facing workers who contribute to the Argentinian Integrated Social Security System (Sistema Integrado Previsional Argentino — SIPA). Using administrative records as our source of data for the period 2000‐2006, the results indicate that 1.46 workers per 1,000 became disabled annually during that period. The risk of disability rates is higher for men than for women, but increased with age for both sexes. The risk of disability rates has also been broken down by pathology and social security scheme, taking the effects of age and sex into account. To conclude, international comparisons are presented.